Permintaan Rumput Laut Indonesia (HS 121229) di Pasar Cina

  • Hendra Sudirman Universitas Pendidikan Muhammadiyah Sorong
  • Siti Hadija Samual
  • Aldila Mawanti Atirah


Seaweed had become an important part of the world, not only as a nutritious food but also as an industrial raw material. Indonesia, the world's second-largest seaweed producer, focused on seaweed cultivation for industrial needs and supplied it to other countries for further processing. One of Indonesia's seaweed export markets and the largest was China. Around 55.41% of Indonesian seaweed products (HS 121229) were shipped to China to meet the needs of China's seaweed industry. Besides Indonesia, Chile and Peru were also seaweed exporting countries that made China as their market. These three countries controlled 97,23% of the market and competed with each other. This study aimed to analyze the position and competitiveness of Indonesian seaweed in competing with other exporting countries in China. The data used were secondary data on monthly seaweed imports of China from 2012 to 2018. The data were analyzed using a model of an Almost Ideal Demand System. The results showed that Indonesian seaweed products in China were complementary to Chile and Peru. However, compared to Chile and Peru Indonesia had a higher elasticity of expenditure than those two countries. The increase in China's demand for seaweed would benefit Indonesia more than Chile and Peru. The value of Indonesian elasticity showed that the increase in seaweed export revenues could be done by increasing the number of exports, not by decreasing the prices.


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