INTERACTION: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa <p>INTERACTION: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa is a journal at English Education Department of Universitas Pendidikan Muhammadiyah Sorong.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>P-ISSN 2406-9558</strong></p> <p><strong>E-ISSN 2406-9566</strong></p> Universitas Pendidikan Muhammadiyah (UNIMUDA) Sorong en-US INTERACTION: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa 2406-9558 The Effect of Using Japanese Music in Improving Motivation to Learn Japanese <p>Language education is a crucial element in foreign language learning, where motivation plays a key role in student success. Strong motivation is a key factor in achieving success in learning a foreign language, and the use of Japanese music is considered a potential way to increase motivation for learning Japanese. This study proposes to explore the effect of using Japanese music as a motivational tool in learning Japanese. By clarifying the impact of Japanese music on students' motivation levels, this study hopes to provide better insight into the relationship between music use and Japanese language learning. The research also involved analyzing the participant's responses to the use of Japanese music in language learning. This study has potential benefits in improving the understanding of the factors that influence the motivation of Japanese language learners. The results of this study are expected to provide new insights for more effective teaching approaches, provide practical guidelines for teachers, and enrich the Japanese language learning experience through a holistic approach involving music. As such, this research is expected to bring positive benefits to Japanese language learners and support the development of foreign language education&nbsp;as&nbsp;a&nbsp;whole.</p> Zalfaa Nurhaliza Noviyanti Aneros Sugihartono Sugihartono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 11 1 1 13 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5580 Anxiety of Warriner in Charles Williams’ Dead Calm <p style="font-weight: 400;">Dead Calm is a novel of anxiety undergone by the main character, Warriner, after lacking emotional desires. The mere cause of the emotional desire lack is the hostile incident as well as pain. Therefore, the researcher gets interested in conducting analysis because emotional desires make human life stable. How the main character experiences the anxiety becomes the focus of the researcher’s study. Anxiety’s types as well as descriptive qualitative method are worth using because the researcher is able to observe deeply about anxiety’s symptoms undergone by the main character that is neurotic, moral, and realistic anxiety. Then, the study shows that the main character undergoes those mentioned types of anxiety through his feeling of weakness, worriedness, and punishment fear, remorseful to the other character and facing a real danger. Eventually, the kinds of anxiety deserve a deep studying since people can keep the anxiety out of their life through the knowledge.</p> Atika Rahma Kurniasari Muhammad Thoriqussuud Amiq Amiq Nur Mufid Abu Fanani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 11 1 14 22 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5590 The Analysis of Character Identity in “The Woman in The Window” Novel by A. J. Finn <p>This study delves into the exploration of character identity within A.J. Finn's psychological thriller "The Woman in the Window," focusing particularly on the protagonist, Dr. Anna Fox. Employing a comprehensive research methodology, including textual analysis, character profiling, literary examination, comparative analysis, psychological insights, reader response, and an interdisciplinary approach, the study unveils the intricate and multi-dimensional nature of the novel's characters. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of character identity in the psychological thriller genre. The analysis reveals key themes such as unreliable narration, trauma's profound influence, external impacts on character development, the theme of the fragmented self, and deliberate narrative ambiguity. These elements, exemplified through Dr. Anna Fox's character, showcase the complexities inherent in character identity. Furthermore, the study extends its scope to a comparative analysis of psychological thriller novels, reader response studies, comparative character studies across genres, and an analysis of the author's intent. This multi-faceted approach enriches our understanding of character identity within psychological thrillers and underscores the enduring significance of the genre in contemporary literature. In conclusion, this research emphasizes the complex interplay of narrative techniques in shaping character identity, particularly exemplified through Dr. Anna Fox, and highlights the enduring relevance of psychological suspense literature in contemporary contexts.</p> Imam Nawawi Robby Satria ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 11 1 23 35 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5641 Analysis of Gender Representation in "My Next Words": Unpacking First Grade Elementary School Students' Book <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study addresses the pervasive issue of gender representation in educational materials, focusing on the elementary school context. The research problem centers on assessing how gender is portrayed in the textbook titled "My Next Words for Elementary School," designed for 1st-grade students. The purpose of the research is to provide a comprehensive analysis of the textbook's content, examining categories such as omission, firstness, occupational visibility, nouns, masculine generic construction, and adjectives, within the framework proposed by Porreca (1984). The methodology employed is a content analysis with a descriptive qualitative design. The study meticulously examines the 13 chapters of the textbook, analyzing both textual and illustrative elements. The findings reveal a balanced gender representation in text and illustrations, fostering an inclusive learning environment. The arrangement of sentences demonstrates an equitable introduction of male and female characters, promoting a sense of equality. The textbook breaks away from traditional gender norms by incorporating diverse occupational roles, ensuring both male and female characters engage in various professions. Nouns related to gender are thoughtfully selected to avoid reinforcing stereotypes, and masculine generic construction is balanced. Adjectives are distributed fairly between male and female characters. In the findings, the study emphasizes the contribution of the analyzed textbook in promoting gender inclusivity and avoiding stereotypes in elementary education. This research has implications for curriculum development and instructional material design, advocating for more inclusive and gender-sensitive educational resources in elementary schools.</p> Evatul Vionisa Syifa Khuriyatuz Zahro ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 11 1 36 47 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5774 Implementation of the Student Centered Learning Approach in Improving English Learning Outcomes <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research aims to investigate the implementation of the Student Centered Learning approach in improving students' English learning outcomes. The research method used is a quantitative experimental method with a One Group Pretest-Posttest Design. The research sample consisted of 20 class II mattayom students at Eakkapapsasanawich Islamic School Krabi Thailand. The research was conducted for one month by applying the Student Centered Learning approach in English language learning. Data collection was carried out through pretest and posttest with written tests. The result show that implementing the student center learning approach is more effective in improving learning outcomes in learning English integers for class II Mattayom students compared to applying conventional learning. Based on the results of the t test analysis using the pretest and posttest data normality test and the results are known that pretest 0.19 &gt; 0.05 and posttest 0.200 &gt; 0.05 can be accepted and normally distributed, which means there are differences in the positive influence and effectiveness of implementing the student center learning approach applied in the experimental class.</p> Maulana Iqbal Lubabun Najib Nanan Abdul Manan Casnan Casnan Hermawan Hermwan Oman Hadiana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-08 2024-05-08 11 1 48 55 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5821 The Effectiveness of Problem Based Learning Model to Improve Students' English Learning Outcomes at Ban Klongrua School, Thailand <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research aims to determine the effectiveness of the Problem Based Learning model on English learning outcomes for Class IV Ban Khlongrua School Krabi, Southern Thailand. This type of research is pre-experimental research in the form of one group pretest posttest, namely an experiment. The experimental research unit was fourth grade students at Ban Khlongrua School Krabi, Southern Thailand. The results of descriptive statistical analysis of English learning outcomes using the Problem Based Learning Model show better results than before using the Problem Based Learning Model. The results of inferential statistical analysis using the t-test formula show that the calculated t value obtained is 2.79 with a frequency of dk = 10-1 = 9. At the 5% significance level, the t table value = 0.45. So, ct-ount &gt; ttable or 2.79 &gt; 0.45. This proves that the application of the Problem Based Learning model in English learning has an influence so that it can be said to be more effective than before the use of the Problem Based Learning Learning Model.</p> Mia Sofi Nurlaelli Yani Fitriyani Oman Hadiana Nanan Abdul Manan Hermawan Hermawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 56 66 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5824 Gender Inequality Analysis Represented in “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott <p>Gender inequality is the unequal allocation of opportunities and rights, among people of various genders.&nbsp;This commonly works against one gender, typically women. This research aims to analyze Louisa May Alcott's "Little Women" with a focus on gender inequality. A qualitative approach was used in this study. This study also used theory from Fakih (2008). The findings indicated that the novel describes five different forms of gender discrimination. The first is subordination, show that Jo cannot do anything she want because of her status as women. Second, stereotypes, when a woman behaves unfavorably or imitates a man, she will be perceived as a bad woman, like what Jo did because she always do the boyish tricks. Third, marginalization, show by Jo character that can be the backbone of his family when their father go to the war. Fourth, burden of work, where the Jo and also her sibling not only work to earn money, they also work at home to clean the house. For the last form, which is violence, it did not happen in the novel. In order to rouse women at the time, gender injustice was brought up in "Little Women," and as a result, the subject came to represent the state of American society at that time. The conversation and utterances of the characters make it clear that the female characters struggle to fit in with society.</p> Dinar Rosiana Mareta Afriana Afriana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 67 81 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5866 A A Systematic Literature Review on Visual Novel as an Engaging Medium for Learning English Skills <p style="font-weight: 400;">Visual novels represent an innovative approach to language learning, particularly in enhancing reading comprehension and expanding vocabulary in English. This qualitative research investigates the impact of visual novels on various language competencies, including reading comprehension, vocabulary expansion, and motivation for language learning. The research approach used in this study is qualitative and systematic literature review (SLR) method to identify and evaluate relevant studies on visual novels as an engaging media for learning English skills. The five previous studies that discuss similar topics were collected as a data collection tool. The data collected from previous studies used are in the range of 2015-2023. The study's findings indicate that visual novels serve as a promising and helpful tool for individuals seeking to improve their language skills. The findings highlight the numerous advantages of visual novels, such as increased motivation, better reading comprehension, and improved vocabulary acquisition. The study highlights the potential of visual novels as valuable tools in language education, emphasizing their ability to make language learning enjoyable, engaging, and applicable to real-life contexts. Through their narrative-driven gameplay and immersive multimedia elements, visual novels offer learners an interactive and captivating learning experience. The integration of cultural aspects within visual novels further enriches the language-learning process, fostering deeper engagement and meaningful connections with the language. Additionally, the structure of visual novels accommodates diverse learning styles and proficiency levels, promoting motivation among learners. Furthermore, the interactive aspect of visual novels offers learners an exciting environment for language acquisition that is both engaging and enjoyable.</p> Athaya Rewanda Putri Moh Yamin Eka Puteri Elyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 82 93 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6080 An An Analysis of Figurative Language used in Coldplay’s Song feat BTS Entitled “My Universe” <p style="font-weight: 400;">Conveying messages to the listeners not only can be done by conversation or discussion but also can be done in some ways like song, drama, and poem. Every song has the potential to tell a story, but only a select few possess the ability to touch our souls and leave an indelible mark on our hearts. Coldplay's featuring BTS 'My Universe’ is undeniably one of those rare gems. At its core, this song is a symphony of emotions, a melodic embrace during times of turmoil. In this study, the researchers try to figure out figurative language used in Coldplay’s Song Entitled 'My Universe’ feat BTS (one of the hits Korean boy bands in the world). This research uses qualitative research methodology because this research describes and finds out figurative language that is used in Coldplay’s song. Based on the lyrics, here is the figurative language used in Coldplay Song entitled My Universe. There are metaphors, repetition, imagery, hyperbole, and symbolism. All of the figurative language used in the lyric show that the lyric has beautiful meaning like this sentence “you are my star and my universe”. This sentence contains of hyperbole because the writer of this song uses my star and my universe to describe someone he loved in words. The figurative language used in the song makes the lyric more attractive and artistic for the listeners. Moreover, figurative language also used to make the words in the song more beautiful when it was delivered with the music.</p> Elsa Rosalina Moh Yamin Eka Puteri Elyani Nasrullah Nasrullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 94 103 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6086 What They Actually Feel: A Different Perspective of Assessment through E-Learning <p>Teaching through e-learning platforms is a common activity deliberately performed by Open University. Later, this process escalated and transformed into a trend due to the advanced development of technology and unforeseen phenomena like the COVID-19 pandemic. However, teaching and learning within the platform are not equally similar in terms of sense and practice. Particularly, assessing student progress and reflecting on the learning process that has been done might not be as easy as what conventional or offline classes can offer. This research provides one particular way to assess it. Through the eyes of students as well as tutors, we could also gain valuable information regarding how learning within e-learning environments has been performed. This research applied qualitative analysis with the help of questionnaire, as well as NVivo as the tool for natural language processing analysis. A total of 66 tutors and approximately 471 students were involved. Based on the findings and analysis, it is shown that tutors tend to mention 7 frequent words, while students mention 8 words. Each word was analyzed by the researcher, leading to two conclusions for tutors. They perceived that the teaching process was hindered by students’ constraints and technical issues. Meanwhile, students faced problems related to slow feedback, lack of communication, and clarity, especially toward students’ answers.</p> Siti Hadianti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 104 115 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6128 English Teacher’s Challenges and Solutions in Teaching Intellectual Disability Students: Case Study <p>English teaching is now inclusive in nature, which means it involves everyone without leaving any one behind. This is also the basis for English language education being everyone's right, including special needs. There is several research on teaching English specifically for disabilities that are very useful for helping teachers' teaching methods, improving strategies, and updating teaching materials. Yet, only a few studies talk about students with intellectual disability. Therefore, the aim of this research is to investigate the English language teaching in the form of challenges and the solutions, this research focused to analyse English teacher’s challenges and solutions in teaching students with mild intellectual disability in SLBN 1 Martapura. Qualitative method is used in this research. To collect the data needed, the observation and interview were done to an English teacher. The finding revealed that the challenges faced by English teacher were challenges in; a) classroom management, b) dealing with students' lack of general cognition, c) overcoming students' lack of focus, d) overcoming students' short memories, e) improving students' English vocabulary pronunciation. Furthermore, the solutions to solve those challenges were by a) using a group learning model, b) choosing fun media and method, c) using concrete objects, 4) using ice breaking, d) references modification, 5) repetition. Thus, English teacher faced many challenges in teaching students with mild intellectual disability. Indeed, there are several previous studies that discuss this issue, however, it is still too little. Thus, the researcher has an urgency to research more so that research for students with intellectual disability is more accommodated.</p> Sab’na Sab’na Nasrullah Nasrullah Elsa Rosalina ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 116 128 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6130 The Effect of RAP Strategy in Teaching Reading <p>RAP (Read, Ask, and Put) is a strategy that instructs students to focus their reading on a particular section of the text, consider the main idea and supporting ideas of the paragraph or passage, and then explain it in their own words. This study aims to determine the achievement of fourth-year students at Gontor for girls 2<sup>nd</sup> campus in reading comprehension using the RAP strategy since the researchers found that their reading comprehension is still low. This research used a quantitative experimental method with an experimental non-equivalent control group design. The population in this study were all fourth-year students of Gontor for girls 2<sup>nd</sup> campus with 79 students and used probability sampling which is simple random sampling. The method used in data collection is the test method and is complemented by some documentation. For the data analysis, it used the formula SPSS 22. This study concluded that the use of the RAP strategy in teaching reading comprehension on reading subjects proved effective with the formula-test acquisition value of Sig.(2.tailed) 0.009 &lt; 0.05. Based on the conclusion, the researcher provided suggestions, they are (1) the RAP Strategy is very likely to be used to teach the reading subject to students because the students try to think critically and will understand the text with comprehension; (2) it is hoped that teachers will develop and try to apply the RAP strategy in teaching reading. Thus, the students can independently find the main idea and use their prior knowledge of vocabulary</p> Diska Fatima Virgiyanti Latifa Annisa Hafiz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 129 141 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6131 Investigating Students' Perceptions of Digital vs. Print Reading Materials <p style="font-weight: 400;">In this study, students' perceptions regarding their preference for digital or printed reading materials were analyzed using a quantitative approach. The research design employed was a survey with a descriptive design. This design aimed to collect opinions and preferences from students regarding their reading habits and experiences with both digital and print materials. A questionnaire was used to gather data from 103 students in grade 12 (science, social science, and language studies) at SMAN 10 Malang. The study showed that most students liked both printed and digital materials, but slightly preferred digital ones. They enjoyed reading digitally more than on paper because it was easier and convenient, though they felt equally comfortable with both. Students liked the appealing design of both, but digital content intrigued them more. They understood that both were important for learning English, but they favored digital materials for being up-to-date. However, they found it easier to take notes with printed materials. The study found that most students liked both digital and printed materials, but they slightly favored digital ones. The mean score for digital reading materials was 3.92, while for printed materials, it was 3.68. Overall, they did not find either format too difficult, finding digital materials quick to access but feeling neutral towards printed ones. Although students recognized the benefits of digital resources, their preference for learning from digital materials over print was neutral.</p> Tarisa Fenny Widya Catherine Perdhani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 142 153 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6132 The Use of Teacher English Code Mixing in Teaching Interaction <p style="font-weight: 400;">The study’s goal is to identify the various kinds and forms of code mixing, and also to analyze the reasons that affect the likelihood of code mixing in teaching interaction at SMA Free Methodist 2 Medan. Research methodology used in the study is a descriptive qualitative method in the application of case studies. The English teacher at SMA Free Methodist 2 Medan is the study’s subject.&nbsp; The research used Observation, interview and recording to collect data. The findings of this study indicated that there are three kinds of code mixing that the English teacher uses in class interactions, which were insertion, alternation congruent lexicalization. As for the forms of code mixing used in teaching interaction by the English teacher, which are word, sentence, and repetition. Where it can be seen that there are 15 utterances which are included in the kinds of code mixing and 13 utterances which are included in the forms of code mixing. There are also the reasons that influence the occurrence of code mixing in teaching interaction is talking about a particular topic in the class that requires the teacher to use code-mixing, the teacher does several repetitions in a sentence to clarify the words being discussed so that students can understand the topic, the teacher decides to speak in another language for a while, the teacher wants to convey a message from this topic uses code-mixing, the teacher wants to focus student’s attention by using code mixing, and the teacher wants to show respect for the students.</p> Jamaluddin Nasution Yolanda Agustina Sinaga ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 154 163 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6154 The Students Ability to Use Verbs in Completing Recount Text <p style="font-weight: 400;">The objectives of this study are to assess the proficiency of second-grade students in utilizing suitable verbs to complete a recount text and to identify the challenges encountered by these students in completing a recount text at the junior high school level. The researcher employed a qualitative approach to analyze the data. The study included a population of 20 students, and the researcher selected a random sample of 15 students. The researcher used a test as a tool to complete the recount text, selecting appropriate verbs from the provided list. The researcher employed various formulas to analyze the data. The findings indicate that the second-grade students lack proficiency in selecting suitable verbs to effectively complete the text. The analysis supports this conclusion, revealing a competency level of 56.52% among the students. We classify this skill as "poor," and the pupils achieved an average grade of 56.33%.</p> Chamelya Vivi Crystanty Sene Rozita Yusniaty Lodo Antonia Tefa Mansuetus Mola Agnes O. Manek ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 164 172 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6158 The Types of Lexical Cohesion in Sri Mulyani Indrawati Speech at Sipa, Columbia University, New York <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research focused on investigating types of lexical cohesion found in speech of World Bank and COO Sri Mulyani Indrawati at SIPA, Columbia University, New York. The method used It is intended that by delving deeper into the lexical cohesiveness in discourse in speech, this study will add to the field of discourse analysis based on speech. The study's findings show that reiteration, which involves the recurrence of word forms, phrases, and verbs, is the most common lexical cohesion mechanism. There were a few remarks about collocations. Looking at existing discourse, reiteration with repetition is one method for conveying a moral message to the reader. The research implied used the theory of Paltridge (2012). In collecting the data, the method is observation, the technique is note-taking and the steps was watching the video, listening the video, taking note the data, and highlighting the main data. In analyzing the data, were examined using the identified method and competence in equalizing technique. The data was taken from the utterance in the Sri Mulyani Indrawati speech. There are 10 data of lexical cohesion which are divided into 6 types. The lexical cohesion with most occurrences were complaint with repetition.</p> Putri Dhea Sahara Maharani Nurma Dhona Handayani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 173 180 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6143 The Ecofeminism and Implementation at Indonesian Language Learning Class of the Song Lyric Seperti Rahim Ibu by Efek Rumah Kaca Band <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research discusses the form of ecofeminism in the lyrics of songs <em>Seperti Rahim Ibu </em>by the band <em>Efek Rumah Kaca</em> and its implications for Indonesian language learning for class high school. The aim of this research is to describe the ecofeminist values ​​contained in the lyrics of the song "<em>Seperti Rahim Ibu</em>" by the <em>Efek Rumah Kaca</em>band, such as (1) the existence of an important link between (oppression) the treatment of women and nature, (2) understanding nature in this case is important for gain an adequate understanding of the oppression (treatment) of women and nature, (3) feminist theory and practice must include an ecological perspective, and (4) solving ecological problems must include a feminist perspective. As well as the implications for learning Indonesian in Class X Senior High School. The approach used in this research is a qualitative approach using content analysis methods. The data used in this research are quotations from the lyrics of the song "<em>Seperti Rahim Ibu</em> " by the band <em>Efek Rumah Kaca</em>. Data collection techniques use documentation studies or literature reviews. The lyrics of the song <em>Seperti Rahim Ibu</em> by the band <em>Efek Rumah Kaca</em> are the main data source in the research. The results of the research found nineteen song lyrics in the form of ecofeminist values ​​contained in the lyrics of the song <em>Seperti Rahim Ibu</em> by the <em>Efek Rumah Kaca</em> band. In the form of ecofeminist values ​​1) There is an important connection between (oppression) the treatment of women and nature, three quotes. 2) Understanding nature in this case is important to gain an adequate understanding of the oppression (treatment) of women and nature, five quotes. 3) Feminist theory and practice must include an ecological perspective, three quotes. And 4) Solving ecological problems must include a feminist perspective, eight quotes. The benefits of this research can be implied and used as teaching material in learning Indonesian in Senior high school.</p> Aldo Ferdianda Guci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 181 193 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6160 Lexical Cohesion Analysis of Muniba Muzari’s “We All Are Perfectly Imperfect” Speech <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study aims to characterize the various forms of lexical cohesion in Muniba Muzari's speech. It's a component of the qualitative descriptive approach. The data for this study were gathered using a non-participatory strategy and an observational approach. Research employed the competence-in-equalizing technique and the identity technique as a technique and method for data analysis. This study employed the (Halliday and Hasan 1976) theory of lexical cohesion. The researcher identifies 5&nbsp;repetitions, 1 synonym, 5&nbsp;antonyms, and 4&nbsp;collocations from opinion and reportage within Muniba Mazari's speech. Based on this study, the researcher may conclude that the more prevalent type of lexical coherence discovered in Muniba Mazari's speech and ideas is repetition. The study's findings demonstrated the existence of six different lexical cohesion categories: collocation, hyponymy, synonymy, antonymy, and repetition. The data of this research were words, phrases, and sentences.</p> Jelly Hutagaol Zia Hisni Mubarak ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 194 204 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6202 The Relationship Between Teacher Certification and Work Motivation on Teacher Performance <p style="font-weight: 400;">To achieve the goals and objectives of education, namely educating the nation's life and developing a complete human being who believes and is devoted to God Almighty and virtuous, has knowledge and skills, physical and spiritual health, a steady and independent personality and a sense of community and national responsibility. This study aims to analyse (1) The effect of teacher certification on the performance of public junior high school teachers in Air Kumbang District, (2) The effect of teacher work motivation on teacher performance and (3) The effect of teacher certification and teacher work motivation on teacher performance. This study used quantitative descriptive methods and used questionnaires as research instruments. Data was collected from 33 teachers who had been certified by public junior high schools in Air Kumbang sub-district. The collected data is then analysed by multiple regression analysis methods with a Quantitative approach. It can be concluded that the significance value for the effect of teacher certification (X1) and work motivation (X2) on teacher performance (Y) is 0.019 &lt; 0.05 and 0.037 &lt; 0.05. Then &gt; are 6.113&gt; 3.32, and 4.775&gt; 3.32. This proves that Ho3 is rejected and Ha3 is accepted. This means that there is a significant effect of teacher certification (X1) and work motivation (X2) on teacher performance (Y).</p> Murnia Murnia Happy Fitria Mulyadi Mulyadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 205 217 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6018 Changing Principal Leadership in the Age of Digitalization <p style="font-weight: 400;">The purpose of this research is to investigate how student learning results, teacher professional development, and the efficacy of school administration are affected by the shift in leadership in the digital age in technology-driven management of education governance. A qualitative research approach was used in the study's design, and semi-structured interviews with teachers, students, and school administrators were used to collect data. Triangulation method was used in the research to analyse school policy documents and practices pertaining to technology integration. At SD Muhammadiyah 14 Palembang, the results demonstrated a considerable improvement in students' academic performance through technology-based education management. Personalized learning materials are made available to students through the use of educational software and online resources, which also improves academic performance. Furthermore, the use of digital platforms for feedback and evaluation has made it easier for teachers to monitor students' progress in real time and effectively, enabling them to offer focused interventions. The present study underscores the noteworthy influence of technology-driven education governance on the academic achievements of students, the professional growth of educators, and the efficiency of school administration at SD Muhammadiyah 14 Palembang. The study points up a number of integration-related difficulties that school administrators must carefully analyse and handle. The study's recommendations are intended to address these issues and enhance the efficacy of SD Muhammadiyah 14 Palembang's technology-based education management in the digital age.</p> David Budi Irawan Fitria Marisya Hatidah Hatidah Muhammad Bambang Purwanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 218 232 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6033 Microstructural Studies on the October 2023 Edition Ketikpos.Com News Discourse <p class="TableParagraph"><span lang="id">This research aims to describe in depth several aspects of grammatical and lexical devices contained in the October 2023 edition of the news discourse, to indicate the dominant aspects of grammatical devices and lexical device aspects, and to indicate the types of devices whose appearance has excellent intensity in Ketikpos news discourse—.com October 2023 edition. Data analysis in this research used the magic method. This method describes several aspects of grammatical and lexical devices in the news discourse, October 2023 edition. Furthermore, this method can also identify the dominant aspects of grammatical and lexical devices and the types of devices used. Its appearance is intense in the news discourse, October 2023 edition. The approach used in this research is microstructural. The microstructural approach is an approach that examines discourse based on aspects of form and aspects of meaning. The form aspect is the birth structure of language, which includes grammatical aspects. The meaning aspect is the inner structure of language, which includes the lexical aspect.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Yenny Puspita Siti Rukiyah Queen Wardarita M Nasir Sulasmi Sulasmi Rina Ayu Putri Nani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 233 242 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6152 The Influence of As-Sa'ah Media on Improving Students' Understanding of 'Adad Tartibi in Grade VIII at MTs Ishlahul Amanah <p style="font-weight: 400;">The current development of Arabic language learning in Indonesia is still not optimal, because there are still many obstacles that have to faced especially by students in its implementation. The study examines the impact of "As-Sa’ah Media" on enhancing students' comprehension of 'adad tartibi (ordinal numbers) in Arabic language learning in Indonesia. The research employs a Quasi-Experimental design, specifically the Nonequivalent Pretest-Posttest Control Design. The population in this study was taken from grade VIII students of&nbsp; MTs Ishlahul Amanah totaling 215 students,&nbsp; involving two classes as a research sample. Class VIII F, with students facing difficulties in 'adad tartibi, serves as the experimental group, while Class VIII E, demonstrating better understanding, serves as the control group. Pretest and posttest assessments on As-Sa'ah material are administered, with hypothesis testing conducted using one sample t-test. Results indicate that students using As-Sa’ah media show improved comprehension of 'adad tartibi, evidenced by increased average grades compared to those using conventional methods.</p> Rahma Devia Nunung Nursyamsiah Shofa Musthofa Khalid ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 243 255 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6088 Electronic Word of Mouth at Online Travel Agent Traveloka <p>This research aims to analyze positive e-WOM on Online Travel Agent Traveloka and negative e-WOM on Online Travel Agent Traveloka. This research type uses qualitative research carried out on Traveloka users who are in Bandung City and have made purchases at the Traveloka online travel agent. The sources of informants in this research are the OTA Traveloka user community and OTA Traveloka admins. Data collection techniques were carried out using observation, interviews, and documentation. To find out E-WOM at Online Travel Agent (OTA) Traveloka, researchers have distributed questionnaires to 6 respondents. The researchers use dimensions and indicators to measure E-WOM. In the intensity dimension, are 3 indicators used, including the frequency of accessing Traveloka user information, the frequency of interaction between Traveloka users, and the number of reviews written by Traveloka users. Positive E-WOM is essential in building a positive brand image and increasing user trust in Traveloka. Negative E-WOM can reduce the level of user trust in Traveloka. Negative reviews signal a problem or dissatisfaction with the service or product, affecting the overall perception of the platform's credibility.</p> Suwindy Hutasoit Siti Zakiah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 256 268 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.5725 Representation of Bullying in the French Movie "Respire" and Countermeasures through the Correlation of Character Education <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research explores the representation of bullying in a French film entitled "<em>Respire</em>" by Anne-Sophie Brasme in 2014. This research uses a qualitative analysis and the Roland Barthles semiotic method by examining the denotation, connotation, and mythical signs contained in the movie scenes. Furthermore, this study also classifies the types of bullying in the movie and discusses how to countermeasures the bullying through character education. The results show that the film <em>Respire</em> depicts the dynamics of bullying, including the factors that influence the perpetrator's behavior and the victim's response. The types of bullying in the film are verbal bullying, non-verbal bullying, physical bullying, cyber bullying, and social/psychological bullying. This movie is used as a means to discuss the issue of bullying in the context of character education, relying on the importance of the role of parents and teachers as role models for students to implement character education. The activities that can be carried out to prevent bullying in educational institutions include school orientation activities, class socialization about bullying, and parent meetings with the teachers to provide psychological studies of child development. This research contributes to a deeper understanding of bullying and the importance of integrating character education to form a more resilient and empathetic student character to avoid bullying behavior.</p> Dian Puspita Sari Dadang Sunendar Iis Sopiawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-09 2024-05-09 11 1 267 279 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6156 Use of Social Media in Branding Management of Educational Institutions <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research aims to determine the influence of social media in supporting the implementation of management of educational institutions at Integrated Islamic Schools for Junior High Levels A, B and C in the city of Palembang. This research is a type of descriptive qualitative research; the data collection method used is interview techniques, observation and literacy studies. The data analysis stages in this research are data collection, data reduction, data presentation and concluding (verification). The results of this research show that the use of social media in schools A, B and C has a significant influence where the use of social media in supporting the implementation of school management in school branding, learning media and communication facilities between the school, parents and the general public can be implemented well.</p> Mia Audina Agesta Eka Salindry Indah Wigati Yuniar Yuniar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 280 285 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6153 Construction of the Meaning of the Self-Concept of Broken Home Children <p style="font-weight: 400;">One of the basic foundations for someone to choose and decide what to do is the construction of individual thinking. Time and the environment to which individuals adapt form structure. Additionally, each person has their own conception of how a marriage will affect them individually and their family formation. Marriage and family formation are socially seen as mandatory activities because it is assumed that everyone will experience it and must marry or start a family. This is a unique concern for children growing up in broken homes regarding the development of their marriage and family arrangements. Children who come from broken homes have fears and stress about marriage and family development. As normal young people from broken homes have done primary exploration and have worries about going to marriage and framing family after that, they feel injury and fear about how to run a big family. Researchers use phenomenological and purposive techniques in qualitative research. Considering that the examination that has been completed found that young people who live in broken families are afraid of getting married and starting a family, they imagine that they do not yet dare to step into marriage. Even though there are some young people who already have partners, they still need to be more open about moving up to a higher level of marriage. Additionally, the study found that children in homes with broken families believe that getting married or starting a family is a complex process that requires much planning and thought.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;</p> Hani Yuniani Mike Indarsih Fajar Diah Astuti Horidatul Bakiyah Kikih Setiyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 286 295 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6155 Gold Jewelry Pawning Service PT Pegadaian (Persero) Grogol Branch Jakarta <p style="font-weight: 400;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Service is a producer's action to fulfil customer needs and desires to achieve customer satisfaction. PT. Pegadaian (Persero) is a non-bank financial institution that offers credit services with collateral to the public. As a state-owned company, Pegadaian operates in the financial services sector and focuses on distributing loans with collateral to the community, especially the lower middle class and entrepreneurs classified as economically weak and small class. The methods used in this research are observation, interviews, and literature study with qualitative descriptive analysis. PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Grogol Branch carries out pawn services, divided into pawn service procedures, re-pawn service procedures, and pawn redemption service procedures. PT. Pegadaian (Persero) Grogol Branch provides pawn services for customers visiting the nearest pawnshop outlet, bringing collateral in the form of gold and original ID cards, apart from the service procedures of PT. Pegadaian also has several pawn products and services, including KCA (Fast et al.), Kreasi, and Krasida.</p> Darma Wijaya Yulia Mujiaty Deasy Novayanti Siti Nurjanah Evatia Berliana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 296 307 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6157 Stage Design and Package Graphics in The Fifth 2024 Presidential Debate <p style="font-weight: 400;">The General Election Commission of the Republic of Indonesia holds a Presidential Election every five years. The KPU holds a Presidential Candidate Debate as part of the Presidential Candidate Campaign. The KPU held a debate to provide space for voters to see directly the clear vision and mission of the presidential candidates. The KPU broadcasts the Presidential Candidate Debate live or directly via television broadcast. The KPU appointed a combination of television stations to hold the Presidential Candidate Debate 5 times. The TV station organizing the Debate must present the stage design and graphics for the Presidential Candidate debate to the KPU and Representatives of the Presidential Candidates. The time between debates is two weeks. Television stations require location setup preparation time of at least 3 or 4 days before Implementation. So, the design discussion process only takes five working days. This research uses qualitative methods, namely interviews and field observations, as well as primary and secondary data collection through searching library sources such as books, journals and media. Representatives of presidential candidates have a different view of stage design and graphic packages, namely, electorally. Representatives of the Presidential Candidates see this Debate as an opportunity to increase electability so that the display on the television screen does not disturb the viewer's concentration. So, the TV station organizers have to adjust the design.</p> Angghi Muliya Ma'mur Fajar Kurniawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 308 318 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6159 The Evaluation of Implementing The Al-Islam, Kemuhammadiyahan and Arabic (ISMUBA) Curriculum: A Subjective Phenomenological Study <p style="font-weight: 400;">The religious education program in the process of implementation based on the ISMUBA Curriculum is a typical curriculum belonging to the Muhammadiyah school, which is oriented towards increasing faith, taqwa, and noble morals. This principle is tried to be implemented and realized by SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palembang in daily programs and learning activities, which are contained in the Al-Islam, Kemuhammadiyahan and Arabic (ISMUBA) curriculum. The focus of the research is on Evaluation of the implementation of the AL-Islam, Kemuhammadiyahan and Arabic (ISMUBA) curriculum. This research was conducted at SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Palembang City. The subjects of the study were the principal, vice principal for curriculum, vice principal for ISMUBA (ISMUBA teachers) in Muhammadiyah 1 Palembang as well as the Palembang City Education Council, students were also not spared in data collection. Data collection techniques are carried out by observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis techniques are carried out using the triangulation method which aims to describe, describe, explore and describe the implementation of ISMUBA education in Muhammadiyah 1 High School Palembang.</p> Idayani Idayani Dessy Wardiah Mahasir Mahasir ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 319 329 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6167 The Prospects and Legal Security of Investment in Indonesia <p style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of the research is to analyze the prospects for medium- and long-term investment in Indonesia and analyze investment obstacles, especially the legal certainty of investing in Indonesia. The research method used is a descriptive analysis method and uses a normative juridical method. Research data uses secondary data. As a result of the research findings, first, investment prospects in Indonesia have experienced a continuous increase because Indonesia has very abundant resources, it has abundant raw materials and a very large market share as well. Second, to increase investment in Indonesia, the government is very serious about reducing investment barriers, especially providing legal certainty for investment, especially granting investment permits that are simple and have strong legal certainty too.</p> Jaka Santosa Amas Sari Marthanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 330 341 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6204 Marketing Strategy Analysis Using Business Model Canvas and SWOT Matrix (A Case Study at Queen Laundry Bogor) <p style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of the research is to develop a marketing strategy that can be implemented for Queen Laundry Bogor MSMEs. By using the Business Model Canvas approach as an analytical tool and then from the results of the analysis findings, it is continued with internal and external analysis of the company to obtain more comprehensive results, namely SWOT matrix analysis, Quantitative Strategic Planning Matrix (QSPM), this research is descriptive research that describes and analyzing data obtained during research with a qualitative approach. The results of the analysis show that the business model used by UMKM Queen Laundry Bogor has not fully utilized technological advances for marketing. After being given direction in the marketing strategy, a decision was obtained from the business owner with the target of consumers serving the market share of all segments using alternative strategies obtained to improve laundry facilities, improve product quality and service to attract consumers, improve management capabilities and cooperation for company goals. providing special packages or services, and maintaining good relationships with suppliers or areas around the laundry. The recommended priority marketing strategy is to maintain the company's image, providing services to promote pick-up and drop-off services.</p> Ida Hendarsih Tri Indah Estiani Amas Sari Martanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 342 352 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6205 The Use of Indonesian Language Rules in Scientific Articles of UIN Raden Intan Lampung Lecturer <p style="font-weight: 400;">Research scientific articles are made using language as a tool. Therefore, lecturers as writers must understand and implement language rules. Both in terms of the use of spelling, diction, effective sentences, and paragraphs. The formulation of the problem in this study is how the form of errors in the use of spelling, diction, effective sentences, and paragraphs in the scientific articles of UIN Raden Intan Lampung lecturers for the 2021 Fiscal Year. Related to this, this study aims to describe the forms and number of errors in the use of Indonesian language rules in a scientific article by a lecturer at UIN Raden Intan Lampung for the 2021 Fiscal Year. The method used in this research is qualitative. Data were taken from 48 scientific articles researched by UIN Raden Intan Lampung lecturers for the 2021 Fiscal Year. The results showed that there were 537 errors in the use of Indonesian language rules in the research articles by UIN Raden Intan Lampung Lecturers for the 2021 Fiscal Year. The details are 1) 247 spelling errors, which include: errors in the use of capital letters, errors in prepositions in and to, errors in the use of punctuation marks, and errors in writing absorption elements; 2) there were 215 errors found related to diction; 3) there are 67 errors found related to effective sentences; and 4) there were 8 errors found related to paragraphs.</p> Dedi Satriawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-11 2024-05-11 11 1 353 358 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6206 Indonesian English Teacher’s Stories in Designing Differentiated Speaking Activity Instruction: A Narrative Study <p style="font-weight: 400;">This inquiry aimed to explore and make sense of the stories of an English language teacher’s experiences using the CEFR framework to design the DI of speaking activity instruction. More specifically, the research was intended to understand the usage of CEFR in designing differentiated learning of speaking activity instruction. To achieve the purpose of the research, a narrative inquiry is employed. One English language teacher at a junior high school in Indonesia participated in this research and shared her experience using CEFR as a tool for designing differentiated learning. The data were collected through the online interview to collect information from the teacher's Zoom application and analyzed qualitatively in steps. The findings showed that in narrative research, limited attention has been paid to how English teachers constructed their differentiated teaching-speaking instruction through a CEFR framework. this narrative inquiry indicated that CEFR accommodated students’ needs and fostered students’ competencies, effectively designing differentiated teaching and speaking instruction. English teachers had different stories in constructing differentiated instruction (DI) tailored to different learner needs within the CEFR framework.</p> Azriel Maulana Inayati Fitriyah Asrimawati Emma Rosana Febriyanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-13 2024-05-13 11 1 359 373 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6212 Mis-Tagging Phenomena and Impoliteness Expression of Indonesian Netizens: A Study of Cyberpragmatics <p>The Mis-tagging recently is common issue surround Indonesian netizens. Exploding trending topic on social media platform easily often rush to share. This study proposes to describe the mis-tagging phenomena and Impoliteness expression of Indonesia netizens particularly on Instagram. Descriptive qualitative implements as a research method together with cyberpragmatic approach. Source of data were selected comments on Instagrams which describe impoliteness expression. Culpeper’s impoliteness strategies are used for analyzing the research finding. Thus, result of this study describes three strategies on expressing impoliteness; bald on record impoliteness, negative politeness, and sarcasm or mock politeness. Mis-tagging persistently indicate by Indonesian netizens because of uncontrol speed information sharing thus, verifying information before sharing is a key to reduce the mis-tagging phenomena.</p> Liya Umaroh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-13 2024-05-13 11 1 374 381 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6215 An Analysis of Communication System and Stakeholder Mapping in Supporting the National Shrimp Pond Production Acceleration Program 2024 <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research was conducted from observation (observation) and literature. The author collects various information from national and international journals, news in the media, articles, e-books, modules, diktats, and other research results related to the topic of discussion, namely the communication system and stakeholder mapping (stakeholders), then analyses in depth to be able to answer the formulation of the problem raised in this paper. Support or involvement of stakeholders in accelerating the 2024 national shrimp production program is needed, there is no stakeholder support, so the acceleration of achieving production targets will not be implemented. The stakeholders and actors detected to have a role in this program are central and regional governments, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, banks or investors, private companies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), farmers, and surrounding communities.</p> Flora Meliana Siahaan Katry Anggraini Amalliah Amalliah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-15 2024-05-15 11 1 382 391 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6236 Analysis of Thought and Language "Dari Pada Laba Dou Tahopu laba Dana": Psycholinguistic Study <p>Psycholinguistics is a theory between psychology and linguistics. These theories are very different but they are related in examining language as a formal object. This article discusses linguistics, psycholinguistics and their studies. The word psychology discusses the science that studies the human soul in an abstract manner, while the word linguistics discusses language as an object of study. For this reason, psycholinguistic theory can describe the psychological processes that take place when someone utters the sentences they hear when communicating and this language ability can be obtained from humans. Therefore, the motto of profit dou tahopu profit funds is a big mistake because it has a negative value or can harm other people, either in the form of attitudes/actions, or actions that violate the law in the Islamic religion in measuring obsessions caused by desires that exceed one's abilities.</p> Lili Suryaningsih Sukarddin Sukarddin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-16 2024-05-16 11 1 392 402 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6242 The Transformation of Labor's Digital Consumption in a Capitalist Regime YouTube Leslar Entertainment: A Christian Funchs Perspective <p><span lang="EN-GB">This research explores the impact that the transformation of social media has had on human communication culture, especially through interactions between celebrities and fans in vlog content on Leslar Entertainment's YouTube channel. The focus is not only on changing digital consumption patterns, but also on the role of social media in the context of capitalism. Using social theories, such as the concepts of presumption, playboard, and digital labour, this study underscores the changes taking place in modern society driven by the logic of power accumulation and accelerated accumulation. The concept of time in labour value theory is also used to identify social media as a reflection of the changing regime of time in modern society. Theoretical and interpretive analysis methods were used in researching vlog content and interactions between celebrities and fans on Leslar Entertainment's YouTube platform. The results show that social media, particularly in the context of Lesla's YouTube.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ali Imron Hamid ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-17 2024-05-17 11 1 403 413 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6252 Analysis of Broadcasting Violations Ethics at the Celeb Room Program at NET TV <p style="font-weight: 400;">Violations of broadcasting ethics are actions that violate ethical principles, violations of regulations in the guidelines applicable in the broadcasting industry. Broadcast programs are dvided into two categories, namely entertainment programs aimed at entertaining the audience and information programs aimed at increasing the audience’sknowledge. In the program “Celebrity Space” on Net Tv. Including ridicule of celebrities or public figures, gossipand personal life selebaits with taxane schedule Monday – Friday at 15.00 WIB, Duration 60 minutes, and classification R13+ (For Teenagers). Qualitative Document Study using data aggregation in the form of data analysis text, literary and image studies. Conclusion: television programs on the “Celeb Space”on Net Tv must uphold high broadcasting ethics to maintain the rights to privacy, safety and positive development of their viewers,especially children and teenager. KPI provide important guidelines to ensure that broadcast programs comply with predetermined principles.</p> Robbikal Muntaha Meliala Silvina Mayasari Nurul Fatimah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-20 2024-05-20 11 1 414 423 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6270 A Gender Analysis of EFL Students’ Motivational Orientation in An Inclusive Learning Environment <p style="font-weight: 400;">Motivation is the inner drive a person has to move toward a goal. It is widely accepted that it plays a role in explaining why people start, continue, or stop doing particular behaviors at particular periods. Integrative motivation and instrumental motivation are the two categories of motivation. A good attitude that language learners have toward speakers of the target language and their culture is known as integrative motivation. The desire of a motivated student to master the target language in order to acquire the abilities required to accomplish realistic life goals, such obtaining a decent degree or a job that would ensure their future, is known as instrumental motivation. This research explains the differences in EFL learning motivation between female and male students at SLB-A YAPTI Makassar. There were six students in this study, 3 female students and 3 male students in class IX SLB-YAPTI Makassar. This study uses a qualitative method. Researchers modify various instruments before adopting them. Researchers conducted observations and interviews to collect data. There were 30 questions that researchers gave students. Based on the researchers' findings, female and male students have different learning motivations, there are two out of three female students who have integrative motivation and two out of three male students have instrumental motivation in learning English at SLB-YAPTI Makassar class IX. It is hoped that this research can increase our knowledge regarding the differences in learning motivation of male and male students.</p> Silvi Silvi Sitti Maryam Hamid Firman Firman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-15 2024-05-15 11 1 424 438 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6299 The Phenomenon of Money Political Culture in the Context of the Election Law <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study focuses on the phenomenon that has recently garnered public attention, namely the practice of money politics within the context of local elections (pilkada). In its general exposition, the research identifies that money politics is employed as a strategy to garner significant votes and wield influence in local elections. The research problem addressed is how regulations regarding the prohibition of money politics in local elections are structured, and the sanctions imposed on candidates found to engage in such practices. The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive description of the legal framework concerning money politics in local elections and to identify the sanctions applied to violating candidates. This research utilizes a normative legal method to analyze the existing regulatory framework. The findings reveal that regulations prohibiting money politics in local elections are stipulated in Law Number 10 of 2016 concerning Local Elections. Meanwhile, sanctions for candidates proven to engage in money politics have been specified in amendments to Law Number 10 of 2016 from Law Number 8 of 2015 concerning Local Elections. Candidates who breach these regulations will face sanctions ranging from a minimum of 36 months to a maximum of 72 months of imprisonment, along with fines ranging from Rp. 200,000,000 to Rp. 1,000,000,000. Thus, this study provides a comprehensive overview of regulations and sanctions related to money politics in local elections, aiming to serve as a foundation for more effective efforts in prevention and law enforcement in the future.</p> Liliyana Liliyana Ferrari Lancia Haryo Windratno Tuty Mutiah ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2024-05-26 2024-05-26 11 1 439 446 10.36232/jurnalpendidikanbahasa.v11i1.6308