INTERACTION: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa <p>INTERACTION: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa is a journal at English Education Department of Universitas Pendidikan Muhammadiyah Sorong.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>P-ISSN 2406-9558</strong></p> <p><strong>E-ISSN 2406-9566</strong></p> en-US (Nurteteng) (Rizqi Claudia Wardani, M.Pd.) Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Using PQRST Strategy and Powtoon Media To Improve Students’ Reading Engagement <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The main objective of this research was to find out the improvement of students’ engagement in reading comprehension of descriptive text using PQRST Strategy and PowToon media to the seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 3 Sungai Raya in academic year 2019/2020. This classroom research was conducted in three cycles. The subject of this research was 32 students in class VII E. The researcher used observation checklist, field notes and reading tests as tools of data collection. The improvement of students’ engagement improvement could be seen was reflected byfrom their students’ performance in the teaching and learning process. The students became more enthusiastic in following participating in the lesson because they worked in group with their friends. The teacher gave a PQRST learning log to each groups as a guide during the stage of PQRST strategy shown in PowToon media. Preview, the students guess the topic by read the title and the pictures. Question, the students made questions based on they were interested in Preview stage. Read, the students read the whole text while looking for the answers of their own questions, they also wrote the difficult words found. State, the teacher and the students discussed about the contents of the text and the difficult words. The students have also take turn presented the results of their group’s work with their own words. Last in Test the teacher gave the students multiple choice to make sure they understood the text clearly. Those activities make students more active during the class, so their reading engagement was improved.</span></span></p> Pratidina Parameswari, Ikhsanudin Ikhsanudin, Zainal Arifin ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:24:50 +0000 The Hypocrisy in Anthon Chekov's The Bear <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This study was conducted to analyze the hypocrisy of Popova’s and Smirnov’s in Anthon Chekov’s The Bear. It is a qualitative research with psychological approach. Data were collected from the main source and the other sources before they were analyzed using the descriptive analytic techniques &nbsp;The Bear was the main source of this study, and the other sources derived from books, journals and from the internet. The study focused on the factors behind the reasons why Popova and Smirnov became hypocrites, how they changed their mind and personality so suddently. Anthon Chekov;s The Bear was a criticism to its society where people wanted to get good moral value, but they were not consistence with what they said. Popova and Smirnov have shown us how hypocrisy they were. They wanted to be considered as good members of society, but what they did was different from what they said. <br></span></span></p> Irwan Sumarsono, Ima Masofa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:28:05 +0000 Struggle Values Analysis In Novel “Kami Bukan Sarjana Kertas” By J.S Khairen (2019) <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The purpose of this study </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">are</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">&nbsp;(1) to describe the value of struggle in novel Kami (Bukan) Sarjana Kertas by J.S. Khairen (2) describes the value benefits of internal struggle in novels Kami (Bukan) Sarjana Kertas</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">. </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The method in this research is using descriptive method analytic by reading, taking notes, and analyzing every sentence in the novel which contains elements of literary sociology. The data source of this research </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">came </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">from novel Kami (Bukan) Sarjana Kertas by J.S.Khairen. The novel itself is produced from events social life of the community and the author himself. Therefore, the novel contains a variety the dynamics of life that occur in the community. This research is aimed at describes the sociological aspects of literature in the novel Kami (Bukan) Sarjana Kertas J.S. Khairen. The form of data from this research is in the form of sentences in the novel that contain elements of the values of struggle. The results of this novel research are to describe (1) the value of the willing sacrifice (2) the value of cooperation (3) the value of patience and never give up (4) the value of unity (5) the value hard work. The benefits are (1) the value of self-sacrifice (2) the value of cooperation (3) the value of patience and never give up (4) the benefit of the value of unity (5) the benefit of the value of hard work. <br></span></span></p> Peter Manuputty, Ayani Ayani, Shania Patty ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:29:03 +0000 Cultural Views of a Society Through Taylor Swift’s Song <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Songs as cultural products function to help people to fulfil their needs. When people listen to the songs, they both enjoy the melody and also lyrics of the songs. Songs serve as tools to achieve different essential objectives such as changing moods, relating, and shaping their own identity. In this research, the writer studies deixis in song lyrics from the selected song in Taylor Swift's Folklore album: Cardigan, the Last Great American Dynasty, August, Illicit Affairs, and Betty. The analysis deixis of this study reveals a variety of life issues is treated directly or is strongly involved in the content of the lyrics of songs. This study found that lyrics have undergone dramatic changes when the influence of other cultures is unavoidable. This is an issue of significant interest and concern for parents and educators.</span></span></p> Daniel Ginting, Eldana Reza Levana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:29:48 +0000 Character Building in Lang Leav Poetry “Sea of Strangers” <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This research aims at analyzing the character building of selected poetries in Lang Leav’s “Sea of Strangers”. In this research, a qualitative approach is used as the research design, and the data was analyzed using content analysis. “Sea of Strangers” is a continuation of Lang Leav book series Love &amp; Misadventures, Lullabies, and The Universe of Us. There were eight poetries analyzed and several character buildings found in those poetries. The character buildings that appear are the character of patient, hard-working, religious, strong, creative, independent, confident, being realistic, respectful, honest, caring, and loving. From the eight poetries analyzed, almost all of those poetries explained the women's strength when they feel the pain of heartbreaking, waiting, romance, and insight into everyday life. Besides the beauty of the words used by the writer, these poetries also contain a lot of inspiring messages.</span></span></p> Nadrotin Mawaddah, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Solihatul Ulya, Abdul Moueed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:30:28 +0000 The Pedagogical Implication of Maybrat Oral Literature (Elements and Value of Character Education) <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This research aimed to know the elements in the folklore of Maybrat Regency and value of character education contained in the folklore of Maybrat Regency. The data obtained in this study were three stories from Maybrat Regency which were obtained through the results of interviews with informants who came and were in Maybrat Regency. The research method used is descriptive research method with procedures: conducted interviews, record the interview process, rewrite the results of interviews in this case folklore, analyzed elements in folklore, and analyzing the value of character education in folklore. The results in this research include three stories of Maybrat Regency entitled: (1) The origin of Arus Village, (2) The Origin of Way Clan, and (3) the Origin of Howay Clan. Here the result of analyze elements: (1) the theme of love and hard work, (2) the location of the story in the Maybrat Regency, (3) the characters that appear in family life (husband, wife, siblings, and a group of village people) their life character respects one another, (4) contains a degeneration plot, and (5) contains a positive message to work hard and maintain harmony in life. Furthermore, the value of character education is also contained in this story, namely: discipline, hard work, independence, caring for the environment, responsibility, tolerance and caring for others.</span></span></p> Sherly Gaspersz, Lulu Jola Uktolseja ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:31:21 +0000 Teaching Literature in A Doll’s House Drama <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">In education, teaching literature is an essential way to strengthen students’ character building. A kind of literature to teach character building is drama. Drama is literary work that contains so many characters. It can be used as a tool for character development to students who have been taught with literature. This article aims to discuss the characters of Nora Helmer (a woman lived in Victorian era when women had powerlessness) in </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt; font-style: italic;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">A Doll’s House Drama</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">&nbsp;written by Henrik Ibsen. The method used is descriptive qualitative. It concentrated on providing explanation in the form of description about Nora Helmer’s characters that could be taught as students’ character building. The analysis of Nora’s characters results several findings. Woman’s figure represented by Nora’s characters are loyal, love and compassion; obedient; care and helpful; patience and spirited; responsible; brave. The findings show that a woman at that time even though she had a lot of difficulties, she tried to solve the problem, she tried to be the best for her husband and family. But when she was disrespected, she had to be brave to uphold her dignity. This article expects the students can increase their good characters, competence, conscience, and compassion in learning language.</span></span></p> Izza Amalia Rahman, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Irfan Susiyana Putra, Abdul Moueed ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:32:00 +0000 Phrases of Maybrat <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">The objectives of the study are to describe (1) Attributive endocentric phrases, (2) Appositive endocentric phrases, (3) Coordinative endocentric phrases, and, (4) Exocentric phrases. The research methodology used in this research is qualitative descriptive method. Techniques for collecting data in this research are the observation and interviewing the informants. In analyzing the data, the researcher used the tagmemic methods. The informants of this research are the people of Maybrat region who lived in Jl. Tanjung Dofior Belakang Unamin. The informants have fulfilled the requirements given by the researcher. The approach used in this study was bilingual approach, instead of monolingual approach, that is, by asking the informants to translate the words (phrases) from Bahasa Indonesia to Maybrat language. The result of this research is the phrase of Maybrat language divided into two kinds as general, they are endocentric and exocentric phrase. It is also classified into noun phrase, pronoun phrase, verb phrase, adjective phrase and pre(post) position phrase. Each phrase has its own pattern. Some of them are similar into English and Indonesian, but some are really different. <br></span></span></p> Lulu Jola Uktolseja, Sherly Gaspersz ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:32:49 +0000 A Study on the Character Building and Messages of “Lady Windermere’s Fan” Drama by Oscar Wilde <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">research</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">&nbsp;figures out the characters and the messages or moral values of a play namely Lady Windermere’s Fan. The drama was designed based on Heathcote’s (1984) understanding of drama in education in order to cultivate creative pedagogy and ‘character’ building. The data was gained by reading the drama script based on existing documents. The result showed that every character has various characters and each of them is related to others. The main character has fundamentally strengthened the plot and has important effects to other characters. The moral values that can be seen from this play are that all humankind is far from the word “perfect” even if they are considered themselves as good, kind, and wise people. They still tend to have a shortage.</span></span></p> Puji Rahayu, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Mercy Aprilia Dyah Arini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:33:34 +0000 “Black Parade” Song: How Beyonce Criticized Racism <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">From time to time, the communication media in order to propose social criticism which is expected to provide better changes are increasingly diverse. One of them is through the delivery of messages in the lyrics of a song. Beyonce is one of the artist who often uses song as a media to propose her social criticism. In the case of the death of George Floyd a black American, murdered by the white Minesotta police (white supremacist) he released an album with one of the song in it entitled "Black Parade" to convey her response to this case. This research aims to reveal the meaning contained in the lyrics of the song. In order to find this meaning, the researchers use a qualitative approach to the type of document studies. There are three findings of meaning implied in the lyrics of this song, there are self-confidence, social criticism (racism) and race emancipation.</span></span></p> Muzayyanah Awaliyah, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Iklila Ummu Sam'ah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:34:45 +0000 Students' Perspective Toward the Indonesian National Characters in Pramoedya Ananta Toer's Short Story Entitled "Inem" <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This research examines readers’ perspective of 18 Indonesian national characters in Inem, a short story by Pramoedya Ananta Toer. The sample of this research is 34 students of XI Akuntansi Keuangan dan Lembaga of SMKN 1 Pujon. The aim of this research is to analyze whether the students’ perceptions toward Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s short story, entitled Inem match to their understanding on 18 Indonesian national characters. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative research. The finding of this research states each student has different perception of the Indonesian national characters in the Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s short story entitled Inem. However, most of the students have the same perceptions of the Indonesian national character in the short story entitled Inem. Their perception depends on how they understand the meaning of each of the 18 Indonesian national characters. Therefore, the researcher claims that the students’ perceptions toward Pramoedya Ananta Toer’s short story, entitled Inem match to their understanding on 18 Indonesian national characters.</span></span></p> Linda Chetsiana Dengah, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Latifah Fatimatuz Zahroh ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:35:18 +0000 The Identification of Religious Character Values on Serenade Senja <p>This study aimed at identifying the religious character values and to <br>describe them presented by the main figures in Serenade Senja. It was <br>conducted by qualitative research. The procedure of the research was <br>reading the book repeatedly, focusing on religious values explained in the <br>book, adding some references relevant to this study, and searching various <br>sources to analyze the data. The religious values were found in three short <br>stories namely KepunyaanMu, Kertas Kusam, and Serenade Senja. The <br>characters of this story were described as religious characters. They did the <br>worship diligently, remembered Allah anytime, kept promises, respected <br>and supported others, being sincere, respectful, friendly, and grateful in <br>their life. Those characters could be analyzed from the various part of the <br>story. It could be concluded that literature becomes a media to convey the <br>message which is available in the story to make the reader gaining the <br>benefit and actualizing in real-life so that the life becomes better life in the <br>next future.</p> Dian Tri Riska Ekawati, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Saiyidi Hasbullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:36:19 +0000 The Study of Gesture in Mind Your Language Movie Based on George Yule Perspective <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">This research examined the use of gesture on Mind Your Language movie season 1-5 perspective George Yule perspective. Mind Your Language movie is about condition of school or class that students from different country such as Italy, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, China, Japan, India and Pakistan. The objectives are to know the gesture used and how the gesture used on Mind Your Language movie based on George Yule perspective. The researcher used documentation to collect the data. During the process of research process, researchers here should see and hear repeatedly from “The Mind Your Language Movie”, then researchers showing the picture which one is showing the gesture, make every effort to collect and copy data which is related to the research. After that, the researchers finally processed it by using content analysis in a gesture based on George Yule perspective that are three Iconic, Deictic, and Beats. The result of this study is the researcher finds thirty eight gestures based on George Yule perspective that are iconic are twenty, deictic seven, and beats eleven. Each of the three gestures has different language functions ad meaning. Gestures on this movie used by teacher and students both in the classroom or outside the classroom.</span></span></p> Maftuhatul Faizah, Mutmainnah Mustofa, Abd Ghafur, Nurhasanah Nurhasanah, Iqbal Rafiqi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 E-learning As an Innovation Model for Disabilities (Defective Vision) <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Permenristekdikti number 46 of 2017 concerning Special Education and Special Services in Higher Education. It is intended that students with disabilities can obtain educational services according to their needs, so that they can learn and achieve optimal academic achievement. There are many ways or solutions that are tried to be given for students with disabilities so that obstacles in the learning process can be minimized, but these methods do not go far to help solve the difficulties faced by students with disabilities. One of the ways or solutions given is that students with disabilities also need to be proactive and communicative in lectures or students must interact actively in social relationships which are commonly called SKSD. But that doesn't help much. Therefore, The proponent develops an e-learning innovation model that aims to embrace all students, both students with disabilities and general students, to both learn and get the same education without having to have differences and difficulties. The results obtained from this application are that this innovation model is applied to language skills courses, students with disabilities who initially do not have self-confidence after attending this lecture become confident and of course the sense of difference no longer occurs, in the end students' learning abilities and achievements both students with disabilities and general students can increase.</span></span></p> Siti Fatihaturrahmah Al.Jumroh, Nouval Rumaf ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 06 May 2021 02:38:15 +0000